Category Archives: PCT Filing in Russia

Limits on Patent Filings in Russia

Russian Patent Office to set limits on the number of patent filings in Russia

New regulations on patent filing procedure will be soon passed in Russia. The Russian Patent Office has prepared a set of new amendments to the Russian Civil Code to undergo senatorial hearings in the State Duma. If passed, the applicants would be required to disclose their inventions in a more thorough and detailed manner.

According to the new regulations, a private individual can be granted only 10 patents a year.  In Russia, many private applicants take advantage of a special legal policy which, under certain conditions, allows for filing patent applications without paying state fees for the patent examination procedure. This policy is only applicable in case if the applicant is a private Russian resident and agrees to abandon all intellectual property rights in favor of any legal entity interested in commercial use of the invention. Obviously, this change will not affect PCT applications filed in Russia.

That said, the Russian Patent Office has to examine thousands patent applications and spend many man-hours each year without proper compensation. According to the RUPTO‘s officials, most applications filed under the policy are rather fantastic and have almost zero practicability.

Also, it will be harder to pass off a simple invention as a more complex one. The authors of the new bill are noting that individual inventors are tending to file complex applications disclosing, for example, sophisticated satellite navigation systems, road and bridge construction improvements, and even defense systems, as utility models (i.e. one of the simplest types of intellectual property), thus trying to minimize their state fee expenses.

However, utility models are intended to cover, for example, an improved annular collar or an armchair of certain construction, rather than a missile or a space satellite. The new bill will define utility models as items having no composite parts at all, or a maximum of two parts only. Authors of more complex devices and systems will be required to patent their ideas as full-blown inventions.

The effective date of the bill is yet to be announced.

Patent Pending

Patent filing in Russia – Provisional patent applications to be admitted soon

The Russian Patent and Trademark Office (RUPTO) has proposed to institute provisional patent applications in our country. This will come in quite handy, especially for international applicants filing under the PCT procedure in Russia.

According to the RUPTO’s speaker, Dmitry Travnikov, provisional applications are intended to provide a disclosure of the invention but, at the same time, not subject to strict requirements, commonly applicable to regular patent applications.

The main purpose of provisional applications is to provide the applicant with a quick legal way to get a priority date. The applicant can then file a regular patent application within a certain time period after the initial priority date. The RUPTO proposes to set this term to 1 year.

Provisional applications are a widely used legal tool in many countries, for example in the US, and would be of great help for those filing patent applications in Russia, if accepted.

‘This idea was generally well received, especially by scientific and educational organizations which are interested in new easier ways to protect their achievements, since publishing any significant information in regard of the invention can later serve as an effective ground for a refuse’, said Travnikov.

Saint Basils Winter

A new IP mega authority to be created in Russia

A new major initiative of the Russian Patent and Trademark Office (RUPTO), which is being discussed for some time now, concerns a transition of all intellectual property regulatory functions in Russia to a single authority.

Currently, legal IP matters in the country are collectively regulated by several government authorities, most importantly, the RUPTO (Rospatent), which operates as a regular patent office serving intellectual property registration functions. However, the general intellectual property politics and strategy are out of its scope, as well as work on the IP legislation in Russia. These functions are served by the Russian Ministry of Science and Education, Ministry of Economy, and Ministry of Culture. That said, the latter, for example, regulates copyrights in Russia.

‘We see that there are as much as four major ‘players’, not to mention other authorities serving certain regulatory functions: the Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Healthcare, Ministry of Defense, Foreign Office, Federal Security Service, and so on’, said Dmitry Travnikov, the RUPTO’s speaker, during his interview on Friday. ‘For each of these authorities, intellectual property regulation-related matters and issues are only a relatively small part of their activities thus getting scarce attention. Hence, it has been proposed to gather all these functions to be served by one single authority’, said Travnikov.

It is supposed that functions of the new authority will encompass drafting strategic intellectual property policies and regulations to direct the course of the IP industry in our country, as well as all common topics such as examination of patent applications filed under the PCT procedure in Russia. According to Travnikov, all necessary documents have already been filed with the Russian government. ‘We hope that it will be accepted soon’, said the speaker.